Our Research

Research Reports

Working with partners and program participants, we drive research and develop cutting edge insights on inclusion and citizenship in the 21st century.

Immigrants to Canada Facing Crisis of Confidence

Dr. George Carothers

A new national survey conducted by Leger on behalf of the Institute for Canadian Citizenship challenges some cherished Canadian assumptions about immigration and citizenship.

Release date: March 2022

Closed Shops: Making Canada’s engineering profession more inclusive of international engineers

Lauren Heuser

Building on our 2017 report on lawyers, the 2018 Closed Shops report examines the barriers international engineering graduates (IEGs) face in finding employment in the engineering profession in Canada. It finds that, as it is with many other professions, international engineering graduates have a harder time gaining employment than their Canadian-educated counterparts. This is due to various aspects of the immigration process, the engineering licensure process, and the professional employment process.

Release date: September 2018

Reconciliation beyond the Box: The UN Declaration and Plurinational Federalism in Canada

Sarah Morales and Joshua Nichols, with a foreword by John Borrows

This paper looks at the history of Indigenous treaty making in Canada; the history of the courts’ statements regarding Crown sovereignty, underlying title and legislative power; and how the UN Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) might lead Canada and Indigenous peoples toward genuine nation-to-nation relationships.

This report is co-produced with the Centre for International Governance Innovation.

Image detail of Do Never by Jared Boechler.

Release date: September 2018

Closed Shops: Opening Canada’s Legal Profession to Foreign-Educated Lawyers

Lauren Heuser, 6 Degrees-CIGI Senior Fellow

Closed Shops: Opening Canada’s Legal Profession to Foreign-Educated Lawyers aims to start a dialogue about the key barriers internationally educated lawyers face in Canada’s licensing and employment processes, and makes recommendations for how unnecessary barriers can be mitigated or dismantled.

This report is co-produced with the Centre for International Governance Innovation.

Release Date: December 2017

All of Us: What We Mean When We Talk About Inclusion

Sarmishta Subramanian, 6 Degrees-RBC Senior Fellow

Inclusion is an idea that few reasonable people would argue against; there is little to be said for against political, social, and economic participation for all. Yet its practices seem fraught with questions, and tensions. This report peels back the layers of the discourse and offers a start to a more thoughtful conversation infused with renewed compassion.

This report is co-produced with RBC.

Release date: September 2017

Open for Business: Immigrant/New Canadian Entrepreneurs in Canada

Ricardo Meilman Lomaz Cohn, Eric Adebayo

When it comes to livelihood, new Canadians have a choice of employment options. We chose to look at entrepreneurs—industrious new citizens who choose to establish and operate their own businesses. Nevertheless, why do they come to Canada? Why do they decide to open a business? What are the challenges they face and the factors that explain their success? This report explores these questions by looking at relevant literature, data, and interviews with entrepreneurs in the Vancouver area.

Release Date: November 2016

New Canadian Entrepreneurs: An Underappreciated Contribution to Canadian Prosperity?

Bessma Momani, 6 Degrees-CIGI Fellow

Too often, immigration to Canada is viewed as a cost to our society, rather than as a net benefit. This 6 Degrees-CIGI report is intended to start a discussion about the economic benefits of immigration. It is not intended to take away from the normative and moral argument of why immigration is a good thing; we also need to change the conversation about immigration from being a burden or a cost to society to one about how it benefits Canadian prosperity. This Canadian story needs to be told now more than ever.

This report is co-produced with the Centre for International Governance Innovation.

Release Date: November 2016

Ballots & Belonging

Ballots & Belonging – New Citizens on Political Participation is a national study that explores Canadian democracy through the eyes of more than 2,300 of Canada’s newest citizens.

Release date: September 2015

Playing Together

Playing together – new citizens, sports & belonging is a national study that explores how new citizens participate in Canada’s sporting culture and shares how Canada’s sports organizations can more effectively engage new Canadians as participants and fans.

This study was made possible through the generous support of Bouygues Building Canada, and Doug and Lois Mitchell.

Release date: July 2014

Canadians on Citizenship

Canadians on Citizenship is the country’s first national survey to ask what it means to be a Canadian citizen. This survey dispels many myths surrounding Canadians’ beliefs about citizenship. The results show positive similarities among citizens born abroad, those born in Canada, and permanent residents.

Canadians on Citizenship is the country’s first national survey to ask what it means to be a Canadian citizen. This survey dispels many myths surrounding Canadians’ beliefs about citizenship. The results show positive similarities among citizens born abroad, those born in Canada, and permanent residents.

Release date: February 2012

6 Degrees Dictionary: A user’s guide to inclusion

The 6 Degrees Dictionary, a new project of the Institute for Canadian Citizenship, offers a user’s guide to inclusion. We start with 12 words, the currency of so much disagreement and misunderstanding, and recast them to provoke and inspire.

This project has been made possible in part by the Government of Canada.

Release date: September 2018