Citizen Resilience Project 

The Citizen Resilience Project aims to empower Canadians to recognize the threats of false information, to fight against it as informed citizens, and to engage in inclusive, productive discourse.

The Citizen Resilience Project originated at 6 Degrees Toronto. 6 Degrees is the global forum for inclusion, and a project of the Institute for Canadian Citizenship, which convenes leaders from all sectors including arts, civil society, academia, government, activism, and business.

Additionally, this project has been developed through research, national polling, and consultations with new Canadian citizens and was made possible by the Government of Canada. We encourage you to ask questions, and share your experiences.

Citizen Resilience Glossary

False or misleading information shared unintentionally by those unaware that the content is inaccurate or has been manipulated. Often spread rapidly through peer-to-peer networks.

False or misleading information created and shared deliberately with the intent to deceive. Often used to sow division, distrust, and confusion. A key element of online disinformation campaigns is the purposeful targeting of tailored information to specific groups of people in order to reinforce and/or polarize views.

Fake news
A term that originally referred to false information posing as credible journalism, but has become politicized. Now often used to denounce information or news reports that one does not agree with.

Reports about current events that adhere to journalistic principles and standards so that the public is informed in a fair, independent, and accurate way.  Journalistic news is different from opinion articles, sponsored content, or political advertisements.

User-generated content
Text, images, videos, audio, and any other type of content created and shared by individual users on online platforms. Often contains limited oversight and does not have to adhere to any particular set of guidelines.

Public discourse
Dialogue and debate on issues that affect all of us. Effective public discourse requires a shared set of facts and healthy public discourse includes a diverse range of voices.